Today we will talk about functional training. Why haven't they lost popularity for two decades? What is their essence? Who is recommended to pay attention to them and why?
What is functional training?
Functional training is a high-intensity workout aimed at pumping all muscle groups. At the same time, even the deepest stabilizer muscles are involved, which play a key role in our dynamics. Initially, such classes were taken as a basis in the preparatory program before sports competitions. Functional exercises were also used in the training of American and European military personnel. Now "functionals" are in the top among those who want to lose weight and improve their body.
A special feature of functional exercises is that they duplicate movements from our daily life: squats, lifts, bench presses, bends, overcoming obstacles, walking on difficult terrain, and so on. They do not involve loads on the joints and skeleton. You work only with your own weight, as well as special simulators that help to use all types of muscles. Functional training combines elements of gymnastics, aerobics, weightlifting, cardio and strength training. The whole complex is performed very intensively without interruptions.
Benefits and benefits of functional training
Regular functional training has a positive effect on both the athlete's figure and the internal processes of the body:
- increase in muscle mass;
- reduction of adipose tissue;
- body relief;
- improve body stability and balance;
- increase your speed and stamina;
- strengthening the cardiovascular system;
- pumping flexibility and stretching;
- improve your metabolism;
- activation of blood flow;
- posture correction;
- general recovery of the body.
Among other advantages of functional training, it is worth highlighting that they are versatile and suitable for men and women of any age with different levels of physical fitness. The latter determines the complexity and intensity of the program. Another advantage is that functional classes can be held both in the gym, at home or outdoors, and often without using specific auxiliary equipment.
Types of functional training
There are several types of functional training:
- for weight loss, characterized by high intensity;
- bodyweight exercises that include squats, burpees, push-ups, lunges, skipping rope, and more;
- with gymnastic equipment (Pull-Ups, Push-ups on uneven bars, etc.);
- for a distance (cross-running, rowing);
- with weights (squats, deadlifts with barbells, kettlebells, etc.);
- with TRX loops;
- power yoga and others.