So, aerobics is a complex of cardio exercises performed to rhythmic music. This is a kind of combination of dance and sports training. For the first time about the benefits of aerobic exercise the American doctor Kenneth Cooper started talking back in the 1960s. But real popularizers of mass training were Jackie Sorensen and actress Jane Fonda, who she released a book and Videotapes with a set of exercises to music.
The benefits of this fashionable leisure activity are to strengthen the whole body and keep it in good shape. Aerobics allows you to:
- effectively lose weight;
- improve your well-being;
- raise your spirits;
- increase stamina;
- strengthen the immune system;
- form a graceful figure and posture;
- improve the functioning of the cardiovascular system.
How does aerobics affect the body and the well-being?
All these buns from aerobics classes we get due to the fact that, performing exercise, breathe intensively and saturate the body with a large amount of oxygen. This contributes to because:
- the respiratory muscles and lungs work better, distributing oxygen more intensively throughout the body. the whole body;
- blood flows are regulated;
- the pressure is normalized;
- myocardium is strengthened, which reduces the risk of heart attack;
- bone and muscle tissues become stronger;
- increases the number of high-density lipoproteins, and the number of negative cholesterol, on the contrary, decreases. Thanks to this, the arteries are not clogged, in particular this method minimizes the possibility of stroke.
Main types of aerobics
Initially, jogging, swimming and skiing were considered the basis of aerobics then they began to add sets of exercises — regular and with using special equipment: Combs, exercise equipment, steppers, running shoes tracks and the like. Modern aerobics has more than 20 varieties. Consider the most popular ones.
This type is the basis for other types of aerobics. It teaches you how to move properly and develops coordination. Basically, it's a combination of aerobic and anaerobic exercise, running, jumping and dancing moves to music. Classical aerobics training takes place at a fairly fast pace and aimed at working out all the muscles.
As the name suggests, aquaerobics is a set of exercises to music performed in the water. It is considered more effective than due to additional resistance from water. In addition, the temperature in the pool is usually slightly it is lower than the degree of the body, and additional energy is also spent on maintaining it temperature regime of the body. At the same time, water aerobics is characterized by less loads on the musculoskeletal system and joints. Usually the training consists of with warm-ups, cardio, and strength training. Often the emphasis is on working out the muscles arms, thighs, and buttocks.
This is one of the most popular destinations today, which has many varieties: Latin, jazz aerobics, strip dance, Belly dance, funk, hip-hop and others. Gist it consists in performing dance bundles to music without power loads and auxiliary equipment. In dance aerobics, there are certain types movements, such as the work of one part of the body while the rest are still, are independent movements of different parts of the body, counter movements, and so on. From their combinations and consists of training sessions.
Step aerobics classes consist of performing exercises on a special platform step platform in the form of a step. They are considered more intense and more energy-consuming than many other types of aerobics. There are 11 main movements. Depending on the pace and combinations at which they are performed, the subspecies is determined step aerobics. For example, step-dance when movements linked in dance bundles; interval step; power step with the addition of strength exercises and the like.